Autism is a special condition that appears during brain development. Children with autism have difficulties interacting and communicating with others. As they age, they have difficulty communicating, expressing their interests and feelings, and understanding the opinions of others. Similarly, children with autism find it difficult to make eye contact during conversation and interaction, to understand other people’s facial expressions and gestures, and to use gestures themselves. Thus, due to problems in social interaction and communication, children with autism have difficulty understanding other people or forming relationships with them and participating in daily life. Know the symptoms of autism to help these kids in an efficient manner.
Along with this, children with autism have repetitive patterns of behaviors, interests or activities. Under this, they may be repeating physical movements, using objects repeatedly, looking for the same similarity in daily routines and not liking change. Similarly, they may have behaviors such as excessive attachment to certain objects or more or less sensitivity or insensitivity. Read the blog thoroughly to know about the major symptoms of autism to look after.
Not responding when called by name
Children may show these symptoms of autism due to problems with social interaction and social communication:
- Often children and students with autism do not answer or do not look back when called by name.
- Children and students with autism sometimes behave as if they are deaf.
Difficulty making eye contact
- Children and students with autism make less eye contact than other children.
- Children and students with autism do not look or do not care when called, do not look into the eyes of other people when asking for something or giving something.
– When children and students with autism need something, they show or express their needs/desires by only looking at the desired item instead of looking at their mother, father or teacher.
Decreased use of gestures
- Children and students with autism do not ask for what they need by pointing fingers.
– If they want a toy or a book, they do not point it with their finger.
- Children and students with autism do not try to attract the attention of others by pointing at objects or events.
– They do not attract the attention of others by showing airplanes flying in the sky.
- Children and students with autism do not hold an object in their hand and show it to their mother, father or teacher.
– Instead of holding an object and showing it to mom, dad or the teacher, they throw the object in front of you and walk away.
Lack of attention
Two people may show common interest in an object or event. If there is an understanding between those two people that they are interested in the same object or event, it shows that they have paid attention to that object or event together. You can notice these symptoms of autism in the children:
- Difficulty attracting the attention of others
Children and students with autism find it difficult to attract the attention of their parents, teachers or other people by pointing to any object or event and to know whether others are also paying attention or interested in that object or event.
- Difficulty paying attention to what others are paying attention to
Children with autism have difficulty paying attention to what others are paying attention to, looking where others are looking, and having difficulty following other’s gaze.
Let others know about their needs by pulling their hands
- Children and students with autism try to get the thing they need by holding your hand without looking into your eyes.
– Children and students with autism have a glass of water in front of them and if they want to drink water, they try to take it by holding your hand without looking into your eyes, and without taking it themselves.
Lack of imaginative play
- Children and students with autism do not play or play less imaginative games for their age and are often unstable.
– They do not play imaginative games by doing activities like feeding and bathing the dolls.
- They do not play or do not know how to play by rolling/flying any piece of wood as a car/airplane, rather they play by putting the pieces of wood on top of each other and making a pile or making a line.
Difficulty getting along with others
- Children and students with autism have difficulty socializing and playing with other children of their age.
- Autistic children and students show unusual behavior when other children try to play with them.
– They play alone to their own tune without paying attention to their friends who try to play.
- In a game played with a group or with friends, it is difficult to take turns, play their role, and understand and follow the rules of the game.
Difficulty with social interaction
- Children and students with autism have difficulty initiating or responding to conversations with other people.
– Even though children with autism know that they should greet guests when they come to the house, they do not know how to greet them on their own.
- Students with autism do not know or cannot make friends with children of their own age at school.
Uneven working capacity
- Children with autism can do one job very well, but they have difficulty doing jobs or activities that require social thinking or understanding.
– If a child with autism is interested in science, he may memorize scientific inventions but is unable to communicate or discuss the same subject with another person.
Repetitive physical movements
Children with autism exhibit repetitive behaviors, interests, and activities. Look out for these symptoms of autism:
- Often, children and students with autism tend to repeat physical movements or use body parts abnormally.
– Fidgeting in one place, flailing arms, rocking back and forth, moving fingers or palms in a strange way, stretching arms, or tiptoeing.
Using the same things over and over again
- Autistic children and students do repetitive activities.
– Playing the same games all the time, lining up toys instead of playing with them, rotating objects or toys, playing with only the wheels of the car instead of rolling the toy car.
Repeating words and phrases
Not all children and individuals with autism develop speech. Many children and students with speech development develop echolalia by repeating words or phrases spoken by others and sentences heard on TV. In this case, children repeat words or phrases they have heard recently or before. Try to notice these symptoms of autism:
- Repeating recently heard words or phrases (Immediate Echolalia)
– When you ask what is your name, they may repeat “What is your name?”
- Repeating words or phrases heard before (Delayed Echolalia)
– When they are about to drink water, they may ask “Are you going to drink water?”
– They like the song that the teacher sings during circle time at the school of the autistic student and later they say “circle time” instead of singing the song at home.
Seeking uniformity in daily routine
- Children with autism do not like change in their routine and they seek the same routine every time.
– Always have to eat the same food, walk the same way after leaving the house, wear only the same clothes.
- As children with autism seek uniformity in daily routines, they have difficulty transitioning from one task to another.
Special attachment to objects
- Most children and students with autism have extreme attachment to certain objects.
– A particular attachment to a toy or object, such as repeatedly turning a light switch on/off or playing only with toy cars.
Over- or under-sensitivity of the senses
- Most children and students with autism show more or less sensitivity or insensitivity to sound, touch, taste, smell, light, color, temperature or pain.
– Not clearly sensitive to pain, distracted by certain sounds, covering ears with hands, eating only certain foods, sniffing, licking, observing objects closely (staring, looking very close to face), feeling objects between fingers.
Excessive or decreased sensitivity to touch
- Some children and students with autism show hyper or hypo sensitivity to touch.
- Due to extreme sensitivity, someone’s touch is painful for them and it can be uncomfortable.
– They may not like being hugged or touched by others.
- However, children who are less sensitive to touch try to feel the sensation of touch by holding others too tightly.
What is ACNS?
As part of World Autism Awareness Day, the AutismCare Nepal Society was founded on April 2nd, 2008. Founded by parents who care for people with autism, it is the only autism organization in Nepal. In addition to being affiliated with the Social Welfare Council, it is a non-governmental, non-profit making, non-political organization.